intoxication


intoxication
Term comprehends situation where, by reason of taking intoxicants, an individual does not have the normal use of his physical or mental faculties, thus rendering him incapable of acting in the manner in which an ordinarily prudent and cautious man, in full possession of his faculties, using reasonable care, would act under like conditions. Hendy v. Geary, 105 R.I. 419, 252 A.2d 435, 441.
A disturbance of mental or physical capacities resulting from the introduction of substances into the body. Model Penal Code, No. 2.08.
The fact that a person charged with a crime was in an intoxicated condition at the time the alleged crime was committed is a defense only if such condition was involuntarily produced and rendered such person substantially incapable of knowing or understanding the wrongfulness of his conduct and of conforming his conduct to the requirements of law. An act committed while in a state of voluntary intoxication is not less criminal by reason thereof, but when a particular intent or other state of mind is a necessary element to constitute a particular crime, the fact of intoxication may be taken into consideration in determining such intent or state of mind. Under most state statutes dealing with driving while intoxicated, "intoxication" includes such by alcohol or by drug or by both.
Confirmed habits of intoxication caused by voluntary and excessive use of liquor is a ground for divorce under many state divorce statutes.
+ intoxication
The state of being poisoned; the condition produced by the administration or introduction into the human system of a poison. This term is properly used as equivalent to "drunkenness," which, however, is more accurately described as "alcoholic intoxication."
See also intoxication
@ public intoxication
Public intoxication is being on a highway or street or in a public place or public building while under the influence of intoxicating liquor, narcotics or other drug to the degree that one may endanger himself or other persons or property, or annoy persons in his vicinity.
@ voluntary intoxication
The voluntary introduction of any substances into the body which the defendant knows or should know are likely to have intoxicating effects. The Model Penal Code (No. 2.08) uses the term "self-induced intoxication" to refer to this idea. Evidence of voluntary or self-induced intoxication can be admitted in some circumstances but not others
@ self-induced intoxication
See voluntary intoxication
@

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • intoxication — [ ɛ̃tɔksikasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1837; « poison » 1408; lat. médiév. intoxicatio → intoxiquer 1 ♦ Action nocive qu exerce une substance toxique (poison) sur l organisme; ensemble des troubles qui en résultent. ⇒ empoisonnement. Intoxication intestinale …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • intoxication — in·tox·i·ca·tion /in ˌtäk sə kā shən/ n 1: the state or condition of being intoxicated 2: a defense based on inability to form the requisite specific intent to commit a crime due to intoxication Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam… …   Law dictionary

  • Intoxication — is the state of being affected by one or more psychoactive drugs. It can also refer to the effects caused by the ingestion of poison or by the overconsumption of normally harmless substances. Some types of intoxication: *Drunkenness (alcohol… …   Wikipedia

  • Intoxication — In*tox i*ca tion, n. 1. (Med.) A poisoning, as by a alcoholic or a narcotic substance. [1913 Webster] 2. The state of being intoxicated or drunk; inebriation; ebriety; drunkenness; the act of intoxicating or making drunk. [1913 Webster] 2. A high …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Intoxication — (v. lat. u. gr.), Vergiftung …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Intoxication — Intoxication, lat., Vergiftung …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • intoxication — c.1400, intoxigacion poisoning, from M.L. intoxicationem (nom. intoxicatio) poisoning, noun of action from pp. stem of intoxicare (see INTOXICATE (Cf. intoxicate)). Meaning drunkenness is from 1640s …   Etymology dictionary

  • intoxication — [in täk΄si kā′shən] n. 1. an intoxicating or becoming intoxicated; specif., a) a making or becoming drunk b) Med. a poisoning or becoming poisoned, as by a drug, serum, etc. 2. a feeling of wild excitement; rapture; frenzy …   English World dictionary

  • intoxication — Term comprehends situation where, by reason of taking intoxicants, an individual does not have the normal use of his physical or mental faculties, thus rendering him incapable of acting in the manner in which an ordinarily prudent and cautious… …   Black's law dictionary

  • Intoxication — Une intoxication est un ensemble de troubles du fonctionnement de l organisme dus à l absorption d une substance étrangère, dite toxique. L absorption du toxique peut se faire par inhalation (aspiration, respiration d un aérosol gaz ou vapeur,… …   Wikipédia en Français


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